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Aug 17, Project Gutenberg · 59, free ebooks · 15 by Franz Kafka. Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka. No cover available. Download; Bibrec. About Kafka: Franz Kafka was one of the major German-language fiction writers of the 20th century. A middle-class Jew based in Prague, his unique body of. The Metamorphosis (German: Die Verwandlung) is a novella written by Franz Kafka which was .. Online editions. Die Verwandlung at meteolille.info (text, pdf, HTML) (in German); The Metamorphosis, translated by Ian Johnston of Malaspina.
Gregor is depicted as isolated from society and often misunderstands the true intentions of others. The name "Gregor Samsa" appears to derive partly from literary works Kafka had read.
Sacher-Masoch wrote Venus in Furs , a novel whose hero assumes the name Gregor at one point. A "Venus in furs" literally recurs in The Metamorphosis in the picture that Gregor Samsa has hung on his bedroom wall.
Grete is Gregor's younger sister, who becomes his caretaker after his metamorphosis. Initially Grete and Gregor have a close relationship, but this quickly fades. While Grete initially volunteers to feed him and clean his room, she grows increasingly impatient with the burden and begins to leave his room in disarray out of spite. Her initial decision to take care of Gregor may have come from a desire to contribute and be useful to the family, since she becomes angry and upset when the mother cleans his room, and it is made clear that Grete is disgusted by Gregor; she could not enter Gregor's room without opening the window first because of the nausea he caused her, and leaves without doing anything if Gregor is in plain sight.
She plays the violin and dreams of going to the conservatory, a dream Gregor had intended to make happen; Gregor had planned on making the announcement on Christmas Day. To help provide an income for the family after Gregor's transformation, she starts working as a salesgirl. Grete is also the first to suggest getting rid of Gregor, which causes Gregor to plan his own death. At the end of the story, Grete's parents realize that she has become beautiful and full-figured and decide to consider finding her a husband.
Samsa is Gregor's father. After the metamorphosis, he is forced to return to work in order to support the family financially. His attitude towards his son is harsh; he regards the transformed Gregor with disgust and possibly even fear, and he attacks him on multiple occasions. Samsa is Grete and Gregor's mother. She is initially shocked at Gregor's transformation; however, she wants to enter his room.
This proves too much for her, thus giving rise to a conflict between her maternal impulse and sympathy, and her fear and revulsion at Gregor's new form. The Charwoman is an old lady who is employed by the Samsa family to help take care of their household duties. Apart from Grete and her father, she is the only person who is in close contact with Gregor. She is the one who notices that Gregor had died and disposes of his body. Like most Kafka works, The Metamorphosis tends to entail the use of a religious Max Brod or psychological interpretation by most of its interpreters.
It has been particularly common to read the story as an expression of Kafka's father complex, as was first done by Charles Neider in his The Frozen Sea: A Study of Franz Kafka Besides the psychological approach, interpretations focusing on sociological aspects which see the Samsa family as a portrayal of general social circumstances, have gained a large following as well.
Vladimir Nabokov rejected such interpretations, noting that they do not live up to Kafka's art. He instead chose an interpretation guided by the artistic detail but categorically excluded any and all attempts at deciphering a symbolical or allegorical level of meaning.
Arguing against the popular father complex theory, he observed that it is the sister, more so than the father, who should be considered the cruelest person in the story, as she is the one backstabbing Gregor. As the central narrative theme he makes out the artist's struggle for existence in a society replete with philistines that destroys him step by step. Commenting on Kafka's style, he writes: Gegensatz und Einheitlichkeit, Stil und Dargestelltes, Darstellung und Fabel sind in vollkommener Weise ineinander verwoben.
In , Nina Pelikan Straus wrote a feminist interpretation of Metamorphosis, bringing to the forefront the transformation of the main character Gregor's sister, Grete, and foregrounding the family and, particularly, younger sister's transformation in the story. Traditionally, critics of Metamorphosis have underplayed the fact that the story is not only about Gregor but also his family and especially, Grete's metamorphosis as it is mainly Grete, woman, daughter, sister, on whom the social and psychoanalytic resonances of the text depend.
In , Gerhard Rieck pointed out that Gregor and his sister Grete form a pair, which is typical for many of Kafka's texts: It is made up of one passive, rather austere person and another active, more libidinal person.
The appearance of figures with such almost irreconcilable personalities who form couples in Kafka's works has been evident since he wrote his short story Description of a Struggle e. They also appear in The Judgement Georg and his friend in Russia , in all three of his novels e. Robinson and Delamarche in Amerika as well as in his short stories A Country Doctor the country doctor and the groom and A Hunger Artist the hunger artist and the panther.
Rieck views these pairs as parts of one single person hence the similarity between the names Gregor and Grete , and in the final analysis as the two determining components of the author's personality. Not only in Kafka's life but also in his oeuvre does Rieck see the description of a fight between these two parts.
Reiner Stach argued in that no elucidating comments were needed to illustrate the story and that it was convincing by itself, self-contained, even absolute. He believes that there is no doubt the story would have been admitted to the canon of world literature even if we had known nothing about its author. Reduced to carrying out his professional responsibilities, anxious to guarantee his advancement and vexed with the fear of making commercial mistakes, he is the creature of a functionalistic professional life.
In , Ralf Sudau took the view that particular attention should be paid to the motifs of self-abnegation and disregard for reality.
Gregor's earlier behavior was characterized by self-renunciation and his pride in being able to provide a secure and leisured existence for his family. When he finds himself in a situation where he himself is in need of attention and assistance and in danger of becoming a parasite, he doesn't want to admit this new role to himself and be disappointed by the treatment he receives from his family, which is becoming more and more careless and even hostile over time.
Beicken, Sokel, Sautermeister and Schwarz. According to them, the narrative is a metaphor for the suffering resulting from leprosy, an escape into the disease or a symptom onset, an image of an existence which is defaced by the career, or a revealing staging which cracks the veneer and superficiality of everyday circumstances and exposes its cruel essence. He further notes that Kafka's representational style is on one hand characterized by an idiosyncratic interpenetration of realism and fantasy, a worldly mind, rationality and clarity of observation, and on the other hand by folly, outlandishness and fallacy.
He also points to the grotesque and tragicomical, silent film-like elements. Fernando Bermejo-Rubio argued that the story is often viewed unjustly as inconclusive.
He derives his interpretative approach from the fact that the descriptions of Gregor and his family environment in The Metamorphosis contradict each other. Diametrically opposed versions exist of Gregor's back, his voice, of whether he is ill or already undergoing the metamorphosis, whether he is dreaming or not, which treatment he deserves, of his moral point of view false accusations made by Grete and whether his family is blameless or not.
Bermejo-Rubio emphasizes that Kafka ordered in that there should be no illustration of Gregor.
He argues that it is exactly this absence of a visual narrator that is essential for Kafka's project, for he who depicts Gregor would stylize himself as an omniscient narrator. Another reason why Kafka opposed such an illustration is that the reader should not be biased in any way before his reading process was getting under way.
That the descriptions are not compatible with each other is indicative of the fact that the opening statement is not to be trusted.
If the reader isn't hoodwinked by the first sentence and still thinks of Gregor as a human being, he will view the story as conclusive and realize that Gregor is a victim of his own degeneration. She is the character the title is directed at. Gregor's metamorphosis is followed by him languishing and ultimately dying. Grete, by contrast, has matured as a result of the new family circumstances and assumed responsibility. From this standpoint, Grete's transition, her metamorphosis from a girl into a woman, is the subtextual theme of the story.
Kafka's sentences often deliver an unexpected impact just before the period — that being the finalizing meaning and focus. This is achieved from the construction of sentences in the original German, where the verbs of subordinate clauses are put at the end. For example, in the opening sentence, it is the final word, verwandelt , that indicates transformation:. As Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from uneasy dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a gigantic insect-like creature.
I'm not an English teacher. I have never claimed to be anything other than an avid reader. Just because I'm a "casual" doesn't mean that I'm only going to stick to fluffy novels.
I like to branch out, sometimes with awesome and sometimes with awful results. And this one just didn't work for me. And if there's anything I have picked up from the comments, Kafka was writing a book to make you feel bad. He was aiming for that cloying feeling - like you're choking on humid air. On the edge of a cold - where you don't feel well, but you also don't feel totally sick. When you're boss calls you in and you know that it's not for a promotion.
And guess what? I may not have interpreted the book "correctly", but I felt all that. And my review reflects exactly what Kafka was aiming for with a dollop of sarcasm and sass from me on the side. The Original Review If you are someone who is looking for a serious interpretation kindly check out another. There plenty of brilliant interpretations of this novel, and so many people LOVE it.
Unfortunately, I did not. I cannot make you understand. I cannot make anyone understand what is happening inside me. I cannot even explain it to myself.
Allow me to explain it to you then: You Gregor turned into a giant bug. Your family alternated between fearing, caring, and loathing you in your bug-body. Ultimately, you began doing lots of creepy bug-things and became a burden to them.
Then you starved to death and your parents got their spare bedroom back. Nor if books that give off a consistently dreary feeling throughout. I could summarize the entire book as: Gregor turns into a bug, it was not a smart move. Which is slightly misrepresenting the book - cause the book actually has Gregor turning into a bug without any rhyme or reason.
Wait a moment. This is probably one of those books where everything is a representation of something significant in real life. An "Important Novel", if you will. Lemme Wikipedia this. I'm back. I mean, maybe? I guess that could be what the book means? There's a cruel father and a gifted daughter I guess the book is so open to interpretation that it could literally mean just about anything.
It kind of feels like one of those books just written for the hell of it and then some English teachers got a hold of it and now it's become an Important Novel. Therefore, I'm going to stick with my original interpretation - it's a rather pointless novel about a bug that dies. Personally, I did not like the style, the characters and the ending.
It felt painful to read. The actual text was good, but the emotions and the feelings associated with the events just felt incredibly depressing. Plus, as a personal pet peeve - plenty of things happen without a solid explanation or clear motivation Ultimately, this took up time that I can never get back and I don't think I'll ever enjoy it.
How about if I sleep a little bit longer and forget all this nonsense Blog Instagram Twitter View all comments. Gregor Samsa wakes up one morning to discover he's been transformed into a giant beetle-like creature. Can he and his family adjust to his new form? The Metamorphosis is one of those books that a lot of people get dragooned into reading during high school and therefore are predisposed to loath.
I managed to escape this fate and I'm glad. The Metamorphosis is quite a strange little book. Translated from German, The Metamorphosis is the story of how Gregor Samsa's transformation tears his family apa Gregor Samsa wakes up one morning to discover he's been transformed into a giant beetle-like creature.
Translated from German, The Metamorphosis is the story of how Gregor Samsa's transformation tears his family apart. I feel like there are hidden meanings that are just beyond my grasp. I suspect it's a commentary about how capitalism devours its workers when they're unable to work or possibly about how the people who deviate from the norm are isolated.
However, I mostly notice how Samsa's a big frickin' beetle and his family pretends he doesn't exist. There's some absurdist humor at the beginning. Samsa's first thoughts upon finding out he's a beetle is how he's going to miss work. Now, I'm as dedicated to my job as most people but if I woke up to find myself a giant beetle, I don't think I'd have to mull over the decision to take a personal day or two.
Aside from that, the main thing that sticks out is what a bunch of bastards Samsa's family is. He's been supporting all of them for years in his soul-crushing traveling salesman job and now they're pissed that they have to carry the workload.
Poor things. It's not like Gregor's sitting on the couch drinking beer while they're working. He's a giant damn beetle! Cut him some slack. All kidding aside, the ending is pretty sad. I'll bet Mr. Samsa felt like a prick later. The Metamorphosis gets four stars, primarily for being so strange and also because it's the ancestor of many weird or bizarro tales that came afterwords.
It's definitely worth an hour or two of your time. View all 33 comments. View all 43 comments. The author shows the struggle of human existence- the problem of living in modern society- through the narrator. Gregor Samsa wakes in his bed and discovers he has transformed into a some kind of a giant bug; he struggles to find what actually has happened to him, he looks around his small room and everything looks normal to him however it gets a weird feeling it may not be so.
He tries to roll over and go back to sleep in order to forget about what has happened, but because of the shape of his back, he can only rock from side to side. Gregor gets used to his insect body and his family feeds him mainly the wrong things, but they don't care and removes furniture from his room so that he can freely move around and climb the walls.
But they don't want to see his ugly form, he is confined to his room, and usually hides under the sofa when his sister enters with his food, to spare her sensibilities in contrast to the sweetly human insect Gregor, his sister is not considerate at all, but increasingly antagonistic and cruel ; his brutish father chases him back by throwing apples at him when he once comes out.
The family members also have to take jobs for they can no longer sponge off the successful son. And the situation breaks down, and the family disintegrates. The problem of alienation is explored to depth in the novella- Gregor become insect and behaviour of his family members change towards him, he may transformed to something unusual at the core he is still the same however he faces problem of acceptance by society due to his transformed appearance.
The novella raises some very basic and profound questions of human existence- alienation, identity, being. Kafka questions all our presuppositions of life- success, social position, money, that a healthy life is characterized by a steadily improving standard of living and a socially-acceptable appearance which we think matter most- through Gregor's metamorphosis.
These presuppositions of our life pose more serious questions- which are very chilly and which can rip us apart from any sense of our inauthentic existence. The author robs Gregor-the protagonist- of every sense of his inauthentic existence by stealing off all assumptions of his life, now he is striped down to the very core of his existence. The protagonist is encountered with basic problems of human existence- what it takes to be? Was the socially-acceptable persona in fact ourselves, or is there more essential self-ness in the being we have now become?
Or have we, in fact, been nobody in the first place, and are we nobody still? Gregor Samsa can make us think more deeply about our own identity, about the fluidity of what we take to be stable and fixed, and about the perils and miracles of our own metamorphoses. Kafka shows us that how the values of conventional society are warped due to our inability to look beyond the surface to the human being inside. View all 42 comments.
A paraphrase. When my ex-husband went out one evening from unsettling dreams of how faraway his wife was, he went out drinking and whoring. Next morning he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin.
A cockroach. Much he knew it though. None of his friends recognised it, in fact they preferred the cockroach to the person he had been and he had a great time.
When it was time for him to come home, armour-plated as he was he crushed his wife underfoot well fists and kicks, but same t A paraphrase. When it was time for him to come home, armour-plated as he was he crushed his wife underfoot well fists and kicks, but same thing. Unlike Kafka's poor cockroach whom no one could come to terms with and is destroyed by their ultimate hatred of creepy, crawly insects that roam the house, my ex was embraced by all and became the most popular party person.
Although at one stage I did have to fight off a woman who was swinging her handbag at me and tell a Spanish prostitute that my husband's unwanted attentions were no business of mine. The moral of the story is that there is more than one type of human cockroach and Kafka only wrote about one.
It's all in the shell, if you are ugly, big, brown and with six legs you are hated. But handsome, big brown and with only two, you are adored. Read this book back in and loved it.
Social isolation for visible or invisible characterists reverberated with me, as did the cold gang mentality that rules once each has identified itself as a sympathetic member. View all 72 comments. View all 69 comments. May 31, Mohammed Arabey rated it really liked it. It's very sad story indeed, imagine that you become a burden on your family for unknowing, incurable sickness ,after you've been the sole support for your family I've read Kafka's letters ,and with some of his real life sad story, He is a Metamorphosis himself I felt it's not necessary a True Bug, it may be a sickness of the long time traveling and full time working, it may be just nervous breakdown or some other psychological illness..
Who knows.. It's a story about Feeling for me.. And note that the original early edition's cover there's no an Actual Bug ,as well as most of the early ones. I won't spoil it for you But read it and try to put yourself in the position of Samsa, and that's very easy since Kafka's writing style here is very easy yet very classic well written.
I felt how much he'd been longing for warm time with the family that hard work always kept him away of that I felt how hard for his family to accept him.. I felt how this "metamorphosis" progress even made him a bit better from inside, As when he learn how to taste the music -while he mention he didn't like it before I felt very sad for the family..
And the rating is up from 3. I am now reading The Metamorphosis at jome and find it bad. Great antipathy to "Metamorphosis. Imperfect almost to the foundation. It would have turned out much better if I had not been interrupted at the time by the business trip. May God Bless your soul. Since I've read a pages edition of a 50 pages only novel, I Know how it feels to read long rant about a novel, It's Kinda boring.. So I've tried to make my review short View all 10 comments.
Die Verwandlung is a novella written by Franz Kafka which was first published in View 2 comments. Dec 27, Nikki rated it it was amazing Shelves: Gregor waking up one morning as a bug was a hilarious analogy of the effects an illness can have on someone, as well as on those who are close to him.
Though the underlying story behind the hilarity of the analogy was anything but funny. I took it as more of a warning of what NOT to do when a loved-one is afflicted by some unfortunate disease or circumstance. I found his resistance of acknowledging to himself that he had become a bug in the beginning of the story to be very interesting. When he Gregor waking up one morning as a bug was a hilarious analogy of the effects an illness can have on someone, as well as on those who are close to him.
When he couldn't ignore his state any longer, he looked to others' reactions as to how he would look at his own condition. As he was trying to unlock his bedroom door to let his parents and supervisor in, he thought, "If they took fright, then Gregor would have no further responsibility and could rest in peace. But if they took it all calmly, then he had no reason to get excited either and he could, if he hurried, actually be at the station by eight. He became completely ashamed of himself, striving to completely hide himself from view, though it took great effort and pain on his part to do so.
His imprisonment, or rather, his confinement from the company of others, had a devastating affect upon his mental well-being and in turn, affected his physical well-being. Such a sad story and the fact that his family didn't feel remorse for their actions, but relief for themselves at his death I don't believe Kafka was trying to say this is how humans are indubitably, even though most of them try to put on a show of galantry and higher morals.
But that humans certainly can become some of the most self-serving, self-centered creatures on Earth. It serves as a warning to us all that while it is good to allow others to serve us from time to time, it is far better to always serve others.
Gregor's family had all become accustomed to being taken care of by him. They didn't even mind that he was held in servitude to pay off their debts.
This was made evident when the fact was made known that Gregor's father had been saving up extra money earned by Gregor, when it could have been used to pay for his freedom much sooner.
Gregor, on the other hand, had been serving his family and loved them purely because of it. His first thought was not of himself, but of the hardship his condition would cause his family. So lest we fall into such an ugly state of existence, let us guard ourselves by serving those we love, thus loving more those we serve.
View all 20 comments. He is fool by spending his life to them; nobody would care if he became an ugly Metamorphosis!!
Let's declare it directly honestly; that each relationship lacks of equality, would be definitely eroded as time goes by.
People give their impressive needs a trickery terms. A dark Endlessly dissected, frans apart, its guts laid out on a franz kafka metamorfoza, sewn back together, reconstructed, reinterpreted, misunderstood, misinterpreted, parodied, plagiarized, overanalyzed, and sadly sometimes underappreciated. These presuppositions of our life pose more serious questions- which are very chilly mettamorfoza which can rip us apart from any sense of our inauthentic existence.
Or, get it for Franz kafka metamorfoza Super Points! View all 37 comments. He is fool by spending his life to them; nobody would care franz kafka metamorfoza he became an ugly Metamorphosis!!
He knew he was unlikely to get away with skipping school, so he thought about how to find a perfect excuse. View all 17 comments. His personal feelings about life obviously helped to propel much of his writing.
The Mother — At the outset, she is weak and helpless. He wakes metzmorfoza one morning finding metamrfoza transformed into an insect.
Gregor answers his mother and realizes that his voice has changed, but his answer is short, so his mother does not notice. Beicken, Sokel, Sautermeister and Schwarz. My main thought after finishing this is that the family relationships being dissected here are incredibly sad, and disturbing.
Mdtamorfoza father agrees, wishing Gregor could franz kafka metamorfoza them and would leave of his own accord.