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Al Qanoon fil Tibb by Ibn e Sina by saifiisi. Copyright: © All Rights Reserved. Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for inappropriate content. Al Qanoon Fil Tibb, ibn sina al qanun fi al tibb, ibn sina al qanoon, ibn sina al Fil Tibb, Urdu, Ibn Sina, Al Qanoon Ibn Sina, القانون في الطب, ابن سینا. Pdf. Al Qanoon Fil Tib (Urdu Translation by Kantoori Sayed Ghulam Hasnain). Authors: AA Sina. Publication date: Read this article at. ScienceOpen. Bookmark.
Mayer La distinction de l'existence et de l'essence dans la philosophie d'Avicenna. Kenny O. From Hawkings to Avicenna.
Ibn Sina from: Mayer link -Abstract only. Nader El-Bizri's interpretation of Ibn Sina: International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine.
Michot, Y. Dalemans, et. PDF Michot, Y. Sources and Reception , Warburg Institue, London , pp. Links and Internet Biographies , just a sample of what is out there! Portraits and stamps Visuals: Statement of Purpose: This website is dedicated to the study of the philosophical works of Ibn Sina. Our aim is to provide original language works, translations and scholarly articles. We also encourage fellow scholars and students to join in this noble effort.
Our initial efforts will be to collect as much source material as possible. We hope that we can offer not only in digitized form but e-texts as well of Ibn Sina's works. Everything that available locally on this site is provided free of charge. Husain b. Astarabadi Sharh Qanoonche Burhan al-Din Nafis Nafisi Mahmud bin Ahmad Amshati al-Munajiz Ghiyas al-Din Nishapuri Sharh Mujiz Ghiyas al-Din Sabzwari Sharh Mujiz Muhammad bin Muhammad Sharh Qanoonche Abd al-Basit b.
Ibn Mubarak Qazwini Sharh Mujiz Lutf Allah Misri al-Tshreeh fee sharh al-Talweeh Abd al-Fataah Husaini Lahori Fataahi Anonymous author Zubdat al-Jaamay Anonymous author Sharh Mufridat Al-Qanoon Ghars al-Din Halbi Hashiyya Nafisi Dawood Antaki Mukhtasar al-Qanoon Hakim Ali Gilani Sharh al-Qanoon Bahloli Khan Tuhfa al-Alwiyya Anonymous author Sharh Mujiz Syed M.
Hashim Tehrani Hashiyya Nafisi Shaikh M. Momin Jazairi Sharh Qanoonche Abd al-Fataah Qazwini Sharh Qanoonche Hakim M. Hakim Ishaq Khan Ghayat al-Fahoom Kalim Allah Sharh Mawarid al-Hakam Habib Allah al-Sarkani Sharh Mujiz Ali Qadri Hashiyya Mujiz Hakim Sharif Khan Hashiyya Nafisi Karim Allah Hashiyya Nafisi Hakim Muhammad Sadiq Eejaz al-Qanoon Hakim Ghulam M. Khan Sharh Mujiz Hakim Koochak Hashiyya Sadiee Hakim Abd al-Majid Sharh Qanoonche Husain Ali Hashiyya Sadidee Mir Ghulam Zamen Hall Nafisi Maulana Abd al-Halim Hall Nafisi Hakim Mirza M.
Mahdi Hashiyya Kulliyat Al-Qanoon Maulana Abd al-Aziz F. Ali bin Daud Panjabi Sharh Qanoonche Hakim Syed M. Mahmud bin Muhammad Persian Translator Qanoonche Abdu Allah bin Haj Wa-fiyya Hakim Abu al-Fatah Gilani Fataahi Mirza Roshan Zamir Muqtadee al-Shurooh Hakim Ghulam Imam Khulasat al-Shurooh Hakim K. Fazal Din Tarjuma Mujiz Anonymous Translation of Qanoonche Muhsin Farooqui Sharh Mohsini Syed Husain Moosvi Tarjuma Qanoon Abd Rahman Sharfkandi Qanoon dar Tibb Musleh al-Din Sarwari Translation of Mujiz Ahmad bin Kamal Translation of Mujiz Hakim Noor K.
Daryabadi Akseeru al-Quloob Hakim S. Hakim Abd al-Ghani Translation of Qanoonche Madhi Translation of Mujiz al-Qanoon Amin al-Din Translation of Nafisi Hakim Taj M.
Khan Commentary on Qanoonche Mazahar Ahmad Tarjuma Kulliyat Qanoon Kabir al-Din Tr. Hakim Khwaja Ridhwan Ahmad Tr. Hakim Ehsan al-Haq Kulliyat Ehsani Hakim Sayed A.
Hasan Tarjuma Mualijat Qanoon Yahya Khan Shifa Tafheem al-Kulliyat Gerard of Cremona Translation of Al-Qanoon Andrea Alpago Translation of Al-Qanoon Taragona Translation of Al-Qanoon Jacob Tinus Epitome of Al-Qanoon Protinus Large Commentary on Al-Qanoon Antonius Translation of Al-Qanoon Petro Vaterio Translation of Al-Qanoon Kurt Sprengel Translation of Al-Qanoon Jos V.
Sontheimer Translation of Al-Qanoon Thesis at Berlin U. Partial translations of Al-Qanoon He is recognized the world over. In the East as well as in the West a lot has been written during the last one thousand years on his life and his remarkable intellectual feats. His tome Kitab al-Qanoon fil al-Tibb is undoubtedly the most brilliant work of medicine which took over the world right after its composition.
All other medical books were dwarfed. Scholars understood the issues discussed therein and acknowledged it as the last word on the art of medicine. It became such a significant medical textbook that to fully comprehend its meaning was declared hallmark of medical profession. Eminent scholars and men of learning toiled for years writing expositions, epitomes and glosses on it. This is a vital aspect of research carried on the life of Ibn Sina. Previously it was a standard practice to include every difficult book of a discipline in its curriculum, so that after fully comprehending difficult books, other books would be easy to grasp.
For instance a number of books were composed to teach and explain the famous book on logic Sullam al-Uloom. All the commentaries written on it that were difficult to understand, were made part of the curriculum. Meebzi and Sadra. In schools medical curriculum was arranged on similar lines.
In this way Al-Qanoon dominated the entire curriculum. The profound intellectual and medical contacts India had established with Central Asia, after former Soviet Turkestan, Iran dominated these contacts. A slew of physicians and scholars immigrated to India. In the study of cultural, intellectual and medical historyof India these relations are of paramount importance. Without studying these deep rooted contacts history of India and these countries will remain incomplete. Balkh, Bukhara, Tashkent and Samarqand were such repositories of knowledge that their lustre was no less than Sheraz, Isfahan, Gilan and Mashhad.
Even though neither Ibn Sina nor any of his disciples visited India, the extent of influence he exerted on the physicians of India, and the amount of time and energy Indian physicians spent on the study of his books is unprecedented. The Indian scholars concentrated their efforts on writing commentaries on Al- Qanoon and its supplements. This was a humble tribute to this great man and his art. The way Indian physicians wrote expositions, translations and abridgement, complete detail of this enormous work will be given in this book.
We are certain readers will find this aspect of the book fascinating. All the commentators and translators detailed in this book were selected by me.
Before I ventured I knew this work will not only involve lot of research and thoughtful investigation but years of painstaking work. Besides writing on various other topics, for last ten years this subject occupied my mind day and night. My sources of information were memoirs, history and medical books, particularly libraries.
I came to know of commentaries and lifestories of commentators by visiting famous Indian libraries as well as studying the catalogues of manuscripts. In the bibliography names of commentaries and annotations have not been provided. However wihout consulting the original sources and to have merely relied on secondary sources would not have done justice to the subject.
The reason for this is that I got short end of the stick after publication of my books. Many so called scholars readily penned discourses after studying and culling data from my books, but never bothered to name my books as their source of information. They quoted the books I had given as their source books with page numbers. I believe they did not have access to these books, nor were they aware of existense of such books.
I have tried to portray Ibn Sina in light of personalities of authors of these commentaries and translations. The statistics I have gathered about these commentaries and translations are alarming. Very few books of medicine or other sciences can lay claim to the status achieved by Kitab al-Qanoon. My work is kind of introductory and commemorative. It is not a review or critique by any stretch of the imagination. This is a topic in itself and I am confident after the publication of this seminal work, more work can be carried out methodically along these lines.
This book is a first attempt on this topic and it is by no means the last word. Scholars will continue writing on Al-Qanoon, its commentaries, translations and synopsis for generations to come. In intellectual matters nothing can be said with certainty.
I have tried to include as many commentaries and transaltions in this book as possible, but I may have missed some. Certainly more material can be added. An effort has been made to present the text in chronological order.
In every century scores of scholars have been engaged in composing translations, annotations, synopsis and commentaries on it. There was no time in the history of medicine when Al- Qanoon was ignored. Al-Qanoon was thriving in all these years. New editions of Al-Qanoon came out, and even in our time new editions are coming out in light of modern researches in medicine. This first edition of this book came out in from Aligarh.
During the last 27 years many useful facts came to my attention, therefore I felt the need to amend some of the earlier statements. The popularity of the first edition can be gauged from the fact that entire of the book was quickly sold and a leading publishing house of Iran Anjuman Asar wa Mafakhir Farhangi, Tehran published the Persian translation under the guidance of outstanding scholar Mahdi Muhaqiq.
This is an honor for me that Zakaria Virk, well known scholar of history of medicine and science from Toronto has rendered it into English. I am confident that readers who are interested in the eventful life of Ibn Sina, this revised edition will be of immense interest to them.
The words and their meaning they created were bestowed with life-force. In Europe he is known by the Latinized name of Avicenna. Total number of medical and non-medical works he authored, some sources indicate are , whereas some say they were No matter what it can be said with certainty that he authored more than books.
Even if he had not written any other book, this alone would have spoken volumes about his intellectual status and scholarship. Al-Qanoon is not merely a book of medicine; its pages are radiant with writings on philosophy, astronomy, alchemy, geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics, music, as well as poetry.
This impression impacted on his descendants as if any other literature on medicine is unnecessary and so they acted repulsive neglecting to consult any other medical literature , all of which had big influence on further progress in the centuries to come.
This, in any case, is not Sina's mistake in presenting the Cannon to the doctors of general practice, and is no reason to avoid objective examination of the Cannon because of its useful ideas which he has left us as his testament.
It is said that he also wrote poem rejjes on medicine, such as the one with a thousand verses; in which medical tuition is compressed. The glory of Al-Qanun lies within its systematic writing in beautiful formulations which obtain all information needed. It was the main source of knowledge in the middle ages widely examined in madrasa schools in the East and universities in the West. As soon as the Latin version was available, the book became a huge success so it was once again translated in local dialects.
It was also decorated with very intense covering and illustrations, which can be seen from manuscripts that have withstood time and are from the thirteenth century. The European universities accepted Al-Qanun as the main source in studying medicine, especially in England and Scotland. The first one, who officially accepted it, was the University in Poland in the 13 th century.
From that time, Ibn Sina's Al-Qanun was conquering European Latin universities and schools and represented half of all the medical manuals in the rest of the universities in Europe in the fifteenth century. Al-Qanun remained at the top all until the seventeenth century, until the rise of the medicine based on experimental knowledge and methods.
In , Al-Qanun was studied only in two Universities: Louvain and Montpellier. From this short historical review, it is easy to understand why Ibn Sina is seen as a doctor more often than as a philosopher. Muslims inherited Greek medicine through two different schools: The first one is Hypocrite's and the second is Galen's.
Besides this, Ibn Sina did not merely just follow these schools, he united them, synthesized their teachings and gave them a new Avicenna look, adding what he found out personally on experimental learning. The fast progress which followed is mostly because of his experiments.
In his biography Ibn Sina says: Ibn Sina made the rules for experimenting and he was the first to conduct the modern scientific method. In addition to his classification of diseases on general and special, Ibn Sina explained ways of identifying diseases and treating every organ. Conducting experiments Ibn Sina found many medications for different diseases.
Although, surgery was not progressing immensely during his time, therefore, he was not able to perform large surgical procedures, Ibn Sina distingushed himself in the field of small surgical procedures, especially in connection with malignant tumors. This is described by Dr. Taking in context, today's medicine there is no place for denying its significance. He analyzed precisely the tumor in the body, concluding that it appears more often in women.
If the carcinoma is internal, it develops successively and there is no use of treatment. If the carcinoma is external, then treatment and cure is possible if the physician intervenes in the beginning when the tumor is still small and applies a surgical procedure to cut it off in its roots. Ibn Sina was the first physician who claimed the appearance of tumors in the spinal cord possible. He was one of those who researched diseases connected to ventricular ulcer, dyspepsia and collitis-he was suffering himself of.
He claimed, there are two different causes of dyspepsia. The first one is psychological, and the second one organic. This claim made him one of the first connecting psychological factors with occurrence of diseases. We mentioned some of the diseases and procedures explained by Ibn Sina, now we can ask a question: What is the value of Ibn Sina's medicine in the modern time?
The answer to this question differs widely among the researchers. Some of them speaking about different aspects of Ibn Sina's medicine in Bagdhad or Teheran, claim him to be one of the greatest and many of his teachings and discoveries being followed till this age, as can be seen on the example of diabetes.
One of those scholars is Muhammad Vehbi. He claims that Ibn Sina discovered the blood stream yers before William Harvey. Namely, Ibn Sina discovered that the embrio is connected to the placenta with two arteries, and later described the circulation of the blood over the liver to the heart. Further, he precisely described the consequences of stone building in the bladder almost as correct as it would be described in todays medical textbooks.
He is the first who correctly described meningitis, and the difference between meningitis and other inflammation and similar diseases.
He was the first physician who performed treatment by injecting a needle under the skin and the first who used anesthesia before performing surgery. Although, these words contain magnification of the Islamic physician, most of it is true. There is no doubt that science progressed immensely from the 17 th century till today.
There is also no doubt that science cannot be perfected at once, but it takes phases and steps. The Ancient Egyptians, then the Ancient Greek, and then Ibn Sina contributed immensely to the development of science we know today. It is enough merit that his work was studied and taken as guide for hundreds of years by eastern and western scholars. The author owns two of the three examples of the Canon of Medicine in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
One is a heritage from his grandfather muderris hadzi Ismail ef. Masic, from his own library. The third example is owned by the Gazi Husrev-beg's library in Sarajevo founded in It was torn appart and lost. The manuscript starts with the seventh fenn chapter about the adornments of the human body, starting with the hair. There is also a fourth example of the Canon in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in Russian translation, that belonged to the late professor Salko Ramic, professor of Chemistry at the Medical Faculty of Sarajevo.
Masic, muderris. Important events and personalities deserve to be written about, in order to introduce them and their achievements to new generations and to be an example of work and progress that is worthy to be followed. He was working on it for twelve years. It was translated into more than 30 languages and dialects.
Even the comments on this work of another great scholar Ibn Nafis were translated into the Bosnian language in Today these copies are collectors items, and a mark that the birth and realization of ideas cannot be stopped by darkness, cold, deficiency of food and material as it was the case during the Siege of Sarajevo from , when we were writing about the first and second Avicenna-Abdullah Ibn Sina and Allaudin ibn Nafis.
Cover page of the book written by Izet Masic et al. Cover page of the book writen by Izet Masic et al. About Ibn Sina and his contribution to medicine, many books and papers were written in almost all parts of the world. All authors agree that he was a great historical personality and that his influence on the progress of medicine and sciene was immense. They also agree that there are certain exaggerations concering his contribution, but they are united in the claim that The Canon of Medicine was something like a medical bible for hundreds of years, without medicine could not been studied.
Therefore, it was necessary to mention the anniversary of Ibn Sina beginning to write one of the greatest and most influential works in the history of medicine-the Canon of Medicine. Ibn Sina left us an eternal work that will surely be mentioned and maybe even used again in the future. Because Avicenism, or traditional, alternative, complementary medicine is marking its renaissance. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. J Res Med Sci. Izet Masic.
Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Address for correspondence: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The characteristics of the islamic civilization and science The scientific contribution of the Islamic scholars to the scientific world is immense; from trigonometry and algebra to optics, chemistry, astronomy and other scientific disciplines.
The reflections are seen in the verses of the poet Khusraw, Ibn Sina's contemporary: Know yourself; only that Shall show you the border between good and evil. First become one with the self, To become a guide for everything. When you know yourself, you know everything; When you know that, reject all the evil.