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I would also like to thank all my informants who, despite the typhoon, took the time to answer my questions. I hope that I have given your answers justice and acknowledged your beliefs!
In Sweden Anders: Thank you for looking after my plants and for making sure the mailbox did not explode! I owe you one, big time!
Thank you so much for looking after our house and checking the bills, among other things. One can always count on you! Mirjam Haglund: Thank you ever so much for taking the time to proof- read the French abstract and summary prior to publication.
Mom and dad: Thank you for all your support and for encouraging me in my studies. Thank you also for taking care of things while I was away. Mom, thank you for always reading my essays and for showing interest in my assignments. Olov Dahlin: Thank you for introducing me to the Minor Field Study-scholarship, and for being my supervisor.
Thank you for giving me the opportunity to do this Minor Field Study by offering me the scholarship. Ulf Carlin: Thank you for proofreading the French abstract and summary.
Thank you for translating the abstract and summary into French. Last, but definitely not least, I would like to thank my husband and my children: Patrik, thank you ever so much for showing me so much pa- tience, for pushing me at troubled times, for supporting me and for al- ways believing in me, even at those times when I do not believe in my- self.
Thank you for being you talkative self when introduced to new people — for you, language is no barrier! Thank you for proofreading this essay and for taking part in my work — I promise I will not occupy the computer as much in the future and I will, hopefully, not be as mentally absent either! William, Elliot, Malcolm and Isolde: I would like to give the greatest of thanks to you, my four brave globe-trotters! Thank you also for being such excellent students, even though I know you all longed for the beach, and for doing your homework without fuss hrm… most of the time!
I also want to thank you for keeping up your good spirits despite the long distance travel, hot temperatures and many challenges to your taste buds. I am so proud of you all. I love you! Wherever this happens, the creature is treated with great reverence and worshipped by local people, particularly fishermen. The belief of the little-known cult is centred upon the Whale God, a powerful spirit that can calm the waves and lead seafarers to shelter.
Such a prosaic title is a mark of both fear and reverence, a god so powerful that even to speak its name is courting danger. Living whales are revered as well. Followers of the cult never hunt the large marine animals, which they regard as giant fish. The carcasses of whales that have died natural deaths are buried with great respect and ritual ceremonies. After three to five years, the bones are exhumed, shrouded and carried to the temple to be worshipped, as if the creature was a beloved community god.
Whale funerals always attract large crowds but make the authori- ties uneasy. The material in this study is divided into eight different parts. Part 1 will deal with the aim and framing of questions as well as former re- search and choice of method. There will also be a presentation of the informants followed by definitions, delimitation and ethical principles as well as a theoretical discussion.
Part 6 and 7 contain the bibliography and the appendix. Part 8 offers a summary in both French and Vietnamese. The two books, however, only consist of one chapter each which deals with whale worship, and are not as thorough as the first one mentioned. Kwon argues that fishermen worship the whale, while hunters in the 4 Interview with Gian Method I have attempted to conduct qualitative interviews partly supported by observations.
During my stay I have used a daily diary to keep track of feelings, weather, happenings and so forth. Throughout my interviews, I have used a notepad and a digital camera. To avoid misunderstand- ings, some of the informants have been interviewed on several occa- sions. I am aware of the problems of having an interpreter when it comes to direct speech adequately representing. I have tried to do my best to adress this by using two different interpreters on different occa- sions.
At times, I have had both of the interpreters assisting me in dis- cussing the outcome of the interviews. I have also had this paper read through by two of my informants to make certain everything is cor- rectly understood.
The method I have used is based upon Grounded theory: You will mostly do this through observation, conversation and interview. The interviews have been more or less semi-structured, as I have developed the questions as my research has proceeded. Hence, only a few main questions have been prepared in advance.
I have also received help from a local guide, who was also working as an English teacher, and who also at times served as my interpreter. Furthermore, I have randomly asked people outside the fishing villages, i. It is of importance, as a reader, to be aware that all of the informants are, in one way or another, a part of the fishing community, i.
All Temple Keepers are fishermen as well.
The temple keepers have chosen not to state their names. However, it is important to state that their decisions really do not have anything to do with their wish to remain anonymous; the temple keepers are simply referred to by locals as temple keepers of their particular temple, and hence their given names are not considered significant. He assisted Mr. Heonik Kwon in writing the future Doctoral Thesis: The Phantom of War.
The temple keeper and his family have guarded the temple for 50 years. The whale temple in Ha Quang Dong fell apart 5 years ago, while this is the new temple. The temple keeper has been guarding and taking care of the temple since it was rebuilt. The temple keeper has looked after the temple from the day it was moved. He comes from a family where fishing has been carried out for generations. He lives by the river, and his father and generations before him are all fishermen.
The words are defined as follows according to the Oxford Dictionary Online, and are used accordingly. Animism as a noun can be defined as the belief that plants and inani- mate objects have souls. There is also an adjective, animistic, originating from the Latin anima. The noun belief derives from Old English and is defined as a feeling that something exists or is true, especially without proof. It may also be defined as a firmly held opinion, a religious faith and finally as a belief in trust or confidence in.
The word cult is defined as a system of religious worship directed towards a particular figure or object. It may also be defined as a small religious group regarded as strange or as imposing excessive control over its members.
Something popular or fashionable among a particular section of society can also be defined as a cult. As an adjective, the word refers to pagans and their beliefs. The word pagan derives from the noun paganism, which originates from the Latin word paganus mean- ing rustic, and also civilian, i. It may also mean a particular system of faith and worship, or a pursuit or interest followed with devotion.
Superstition as a noun is defined as an excessively credulous belief in the supernatural. It can also be defined as a widely held but irrational belief in supernatural influences, especially those which bring good or bad luck.
Worship is defined as the feeling or expression of reverence and adoration for a deity, and can also mean religious rites and ceremonies.
As a verb, the word worship, i. The Vietnamese have two words to describe belief: Furthermore, since the Vietnamese language con- sists of a system of tones used in various combinations to tell the differ- ence between the meanings of words, I find it quite essential to spell out the Vietnamese words within this study accurately.
Nevertheless, any misspellings that might occur are mine.
My intention to go straight to the central coast had to change, and I also had to cancel my trip to Cu Lao Cham, as foul weather made the Cham Islands an unsafe place for tourists. Hence no boat trips were offered during my entire stay. Even though small differences do occur along the coast due to local divergences, the general belief seems to be the same. I have therefore made certain that I was allowed to men- tion the names and thus reveal the identity of my informants in this study.
I did mention the possibility of anonymity to my informants, but they all turned down my offer. Given this, I guess I was more con- cerned by the possible consequences than my informants actually were. Theoretical Considerations Sir James Frazer and Edward Burnett Taylor proved earlier interpreta- tions of animism and definitions of religion.
Taylor, by some considered the founder of anthropology developed a theory based on the origin of all religious belief systems in his work Primitive Culture.
Furthermore, he also developed the term ethnology used as a tool for fully understanding an organized community or culture as a whole, which Taylor thought was a must.
His thesis statement was that all human beings in essence are the same, especially regarding their mental capacity. In the chapter on the Maoris, the belief of mana and tabu is dealt with in terms of the evolution of human cultures.
The mana is manifested by the beliefs of the people and their dedication and responsibility to carry out particular things, while tabu mean they are restricted from doing certain things or have to approach specific situations with care and etiquette. Moreover, Maori understandings are based on collaborative and associative pairs which intertwine. The pairs are inseparable; hence, without a partner neither member of a pair could exist.
At times, this community of respective and responsible persons also includes persons such as deities, ancestors and faeries. The belief that animals as being people is claimed by animists who base their evidence on the fact that animals are not just alive; they also communicate and relate.
Animals do things in an intentional and purposive manner although much of it is done without interest in humans. Animism is often found among hunters and fishermen and Harvey describes the hunt for food as a sacred occupation where animals are 21 Thrower.
The animist belief in this sense is the respectful act of the fish person, sacrificing his flesh to other people. Death, he says, can serve as a test of strength of those relationships, and death can be conceived of as a transformation rather than a final cessation. The transformation might be what life is all about, and hence funeral rites are to help aid the dead on their way.
Harvey comes to the conclusion that animism is not to be seen as a part of the religious development, but as a definition of a religion. The country has a tropical monsoon climate with an 84 percent humidity average, but the climate tends to vary considerably from place to place because of the variety of topographi- cal features and differences in latitude.
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My belief is that hockey is more fun than lacrosse. My idea is that hockey is more fun than lacrosse. My understanding is that hockey is more fun than lacrosse. I consider hockey to be more exciting than lacrosse. I believe hockey is more exciting than lacrosse.
It seems to me that hockey is more exciting than lacrosse. I prefer hockey over lacrosse. I like the sport of hockey because it is fast and exciting. The large influx of people to Canada was due to economic pressures in Europe. Living conditions in Europe were terrible. Therefore, many people moved to Canada for a better life. Thus, many people moved to Canada for a better life.
Living conditions were terrible in Europe. Consequently, many people moved to Canada. Hence, many people moved to Canada. It follows that many people moved to Canada. If living conditions were better in Europe, then fewer people would have moved to Canada. The use of pesticides to control pests is immoral because it harms the environment.
It is wrong to use pesticides because they harm the environment. The issue of pesticides is an important one because it affects the environment. I suggest that pesticides should not be used to control pests. I recommend that pesticides should not be used because they are harmful to the environment. I would argue that pesticides should not be used because they harm the environment. The WikiAnswers site is a colorful place.
Bright oranges, blues, and greens entice the eye and make you want to look around and see what is there. Little cartoon aliens decorate the site and point to interesting things. Clicking on the buttons and arrows make new pages pop up, or make things change around. The writer pauses to consider what the students need to know, then writes another sentence. These sentences all lead the reader toward the idea that a paragraph is just a way of communicating.
After the writer finishes this paragraph, there will be another that needs to be written. The writer glances at the clock on the wall. Will there be enough time? Those who have never smoked don't know what they're missing, but former smokers, ex-smokers, reformed smokers can never forget. We are veterans of a personal war, linked by that watershed experience of ceasing to smoke and by the temptation to have just one more cigarette.
For almost all of us ex- smokers, smoking continues to play an important role in our lives. And now that it is being restricted in restaurants around the country and will be banned in almost all indoor public places in New York State starting next month, it is vital that everyone understand the different emotional states cessation of smoking can cause.
I have observed four of them; and in the interest of science I have classified them as those of the zealot, the evangelist, the elect and the serene. Each day, each category gains new recruits.
Paragraphs are like conversations. Each conversation is a series of statements, questions, or explanations that pass along information. Each paragraph is also a series of sentences that pass along information.
A paragraph is different from a conversation because a paragraph can be edited and changed after you write it down, and a conversation can't be taken back once you have spoken the words. In order to write a paragraph, first you think about what you want to say. Pretend that you are explaining things to your friends, or to a younger person.
Try to explain in simple terms that are easy to follow. Once you have thought about it, start writing down what you would say out loud. That's all you need to do to write a paragraph. A definition tells you what a word or term means. This paragraph tells you what a defining paragraph is, so this paragraph is a defining paragraph about defining paragraphs! When you define something, you want to use simple words so that your reader will understand what you are saying.
My most valuable possession is an old, slightly warped blond guitar--the first instrument I taught myself how to play. It's nothing fancy, just a Madeira folk guitar, all scuffed and scratched and finger-printed.
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Some paraphrases will be designated to support already existing evidence. Others will reinforce argumentation against evidence. Still others will help to develop existing arguments and provide back-up for any conclusion drawn in the course of writing. Depending on the function, paraphrases will be introduced in accordance with their unique context.
Quotations require yet another approach. It is both the introduction and the commentary that follows it which decides about its context and the ultimate meaning of a given citation in an essay. Paraphrasing quotations - changing the original words or sense is not allowed.
Even though Arizona and Rhode Island are both states of the U. For example, the physical size of each state is different.
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However, Rhode Island is located in a temperate zone and receives an average of 44 inches of rain per year.
In addition, while Arizona is a landlocked state and thus has no seashore, Rhode Island lies on the Atlantic Ocean and does have a significant coastline. Open In this part you should introduce the topic and state opinion clearly. You may want to use some of these expressions.
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Different peple have different answers to this question. I believe that the three most common reasons are to prepare for a career, to have new experiences, and to increase their knowledge of themselves and the world around them.
Different people do so for different reasons. Some typical reasons are new experiences, career preparation and increased knowledge. In my opinion, it is the fast development, almost explosion that make people consider to attend college or university. For example, suppose that you want to write a paragraph about the natural landmarks of your hometown. The first part of your paragraph might look like this: My hometown is famous for several amazing natural features.
First, it is noted for the Wheaton River, which is very wide and beautiful.