This book is not the last word. It is the first report. Chapter one -The Bible Code. OnSeptember 1, , I flew toIsrael and met inJerusalem with. Michael Drosnin has written a frightening book. Nu- The Bible Code purports the existence of a hid- den code in the Hebrew text of the Old Testament. download it in PDF format to read with Adobe Acrobat or any other PDF  Why should I study the Bible, what use is that old book to me in the.
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Codes [Simon & Schuster] in , in which he claimed messages were hidden in the ancient Hebrew text of the Bible. In his book he claimed he saw the. So ends Michael Drosnin's best-seller The Bible Code. On the. New York Times bestseller list for months, the book has created a small industry of people selling . The Bible Code is the theory that God has placed hidden information within the We refer in particular to the paper Equidistant Letter Sequences in the Book of.
According to at least one author, the majority of Jews who have held to the presence of codes in the Torah have historically had cabalist backgrounds. The authors of cabala treat every letter, word, number, and accent of the Torah Scripture as if it were a secret code which contains some profound but hidden meaning put there by God for some profound and hidden purpose, including prophecy. The mysteries are available to those who know the secret. The cabala also provides methods of interpretation of the occult marks on paper that the less spiritually gifted take to be mere words to be understood either literally or figuratively.
The purpose of the cabala is apparently to read God's mind and thereby become one with the divine. University Press, The adept the initiated gnostics , through meditation and the use of magic formulas, journeyed ecstatically through and beyond the seven astral spheres.
In the Jewish version, the adept seek an ecstatic version of God's throne, the chariot merkava beheld by Ezekiel Ezek 1: For further description and detail, see the Encyclopedia Judaica, vol.
Macmillan, Cabalists accept and teach that all knowledge can be uncovered in the Torah by using cabalistic methods like gematria, notarikon, and temurah. Equally disturbing is the fact that connections to the cabala within the history of Bible codes research are not difficult to establish. Similarity in method, or even this association with the cabala, does not negate the possibility of Bible codes by itself.
It does suggest that caution is called for on the part of those attempting to utilize the codes in an apologetic. Clearly the methodologies employed here suggest careful scrutiny. Shlomo Sternberg Rabbi, Harvard mathematician In addition to what has been observed above, some general criticisms may prove helpful in sorting out the issues for the interested reader. Roll a pair of dice 30 times and record the exact sequence you get.
The probability of getting that exact sequence is less than one billion, but somehow you got it. When someone attempts a number of different trials looking for something and only reports the successes, the calculations of the a priori probabilities of the results are meaningless.
A helpful analogy for understanding the research methods of Bible Codes authors is the lottery. But what happens to those probabilities if one buys more than one ticket? Research into Lost Knowledge Organization, Additional information and a sane hermeneutical approach to the use of numbers in the Bible can be found in John J. Davis, Biblical Numerology: Baker, Davis takes umbrage with biblical numerology as it attempts to assign numerical values to the letters of the Hebrew alphabet Gematria is the theological interpretation of a word according to the numerical value of its letters.
Most attempts at gematria sum the numerical value of the letters and try to find significance in the numbers obtained. Usually, gematria of Hebrew uses the numerical values of proper nouns and words in the Hebrew lexicon. The Bible Code has a component that might be regarded as gematria in reverse: My job is to check to see if the resulting article is important enough to warrant publication, which apparently the editors of Statistical Digest did.
They presented the article, however, not as proof of anything but as a curiosity puzzle. With two tickets, the odds plummet, to about five million to one. At one million tickets, the odds of winning drop to only about ten to one against. In the Bible Code lottery, however, codes searchers do not have to succeed more often than they fail. As a matter of fact, they do not even have to break even. Further, as some have noted, the claims of Bible Codes researchers are not founded on science.
Scientific assertions provide the standards by which their claims can be disproved either in principle theoretically or in reality the laboratory. None of the Bible codes proponents, so far as written evidence is concerned, have told us what would constitute falsification of their research.
Of course, the reverse claim is made by the Bible codes advocates.
How many examples of codes not found in whatever texts would it take to invalidate the hypotheses that undergird their assertions? The basic critique raised by critics of the codes remains valid. If it is not possible to disprove a theory, then it is not a scientific hypothesis by modern definition. We are no longer expert in the various optional vowel letters that marked earlier Hebrew words like y and w.
In other words, Hebrew spelling practices were dynamic, not static. One cannot make an ad hoc case that the results would have improved with the original text. How can one prove from what is no longer in our hands? One matches the appellations of famous rabbis against the names of the books they wrote. The other matches their appellations against the years of their birth or death.
In each case, the result was unambiguously negative. No indication of any extraordinary phenomenon was found. Some of the passages Drosnin cited must be read forward, others backward.
As noted above, one passage he cites p. Some of the passages to which Drosnin refers in his appendix do not match the versions in any of several Bible translations.
Hebrew is prone to wordplay. Further, because of the triconsonantal nature of the language, many words are extremely short, presenting more possibilities for locating strings of meaning. Many words in Hebrew can be read as either nouns or verbs, depending on context, prefixes, and modifiers present.
Because of this factor, many passages can be read in different ways. Thus, any given snippet of text, with the spaces between the words removed, could be interpreted in innumerable ways.
In short, once one has determined an encoded message, how does one interpret its meaning? The testing was done in consultation with Eliyahu Rips, who also interacted with the input data and criterion of the tests. Drosnin does not seem content to work only within the actual confines of the Hebrew language.
At times convenient to the conclusions he wishes to draw, he alternates between Hebrew and English transliterations. Later p.
Further, Drosnin occasionally splits Hebrew words in the middle in order to accommodate his conclusions. One need not look far to find examples. Using similar methodologies, one adept scholar even succeeded in finding numerous assassination predictions in the English text of Herman Melville's Moby Dick. They found fifty-nine words related to Chanukah in the Hebrew translation of War and Peace. But McKay does not propose that someone engineered this remarkable feat for his or anyone's benefit.
Since then, McKay has responded to the following challenge Drosnin made in Newsweek: King, and Robert F. Kennedy, among others.
Convention on the Law of the Sea. A bigger problem arises from different meanings of 44 See the critique by George C. Hammond in the Westminster Theological Journal, Hammond observed his alternation between Hebrew designations for the months of the year and Hebrew transliterations of English words e. Hammond correctly observes that there is no reason to limit oneself to just English and Hebrew to find codes. Presumably many more coded messages could be found if other languages were factored into the equation.
Some languages are more prone to wordplay; others less so. In the Mandarin language, Hammond reckons, words are one syllable in length and homophony is rampant. At the opposite end of the spectrum, Hammond reckons, no technical text plotted out in German according to this method would b e expected to contain even as little as the names of Shem, Ham, and Japheth! In other words, such statistical analyses can often tell you that events are meaningful, without telling you what they mean.
In one instance, he uses horizontal words taken directly from the original text.
Again, no formal rebuttal of Rips and his colleagues has appeared in print, but both sides those critical and those supportive of Bible codes are working feverishly to put their views into print. Drosnin wrote frequent statements indicating that the computer science in the Witztum-Rips-Rosenberg report is solid and the math is flawless, or passed rigorous peer review. Such claims are meaningless, especially when stipulated by a non-scientist who has never written, let alone published, a technical paper.
There is no substantive computer science in finding strings of equidistant letters and organizing letters into a matrix based upon the string locations, fewer than one hundred lines of BASIC code.
A s technology could accomplish that.
Stating that the math is flawless is also mis leading; there is little math in the original paper, except for the calculation of the odds of this or that occurrence. Drosnin states that the code cannot be used to tell the future, but that one can readily fit past events to the code, evidently by being very flexible with the Hebrew.
One is immediately reminded of the Centuries of Nostradamus. Do not add to His words or He will reprove you, and you will be proved a liar. The Words of Agur, Proverbs What should concern us foremost is that God has given His clear Word, the Bible, and yet this fact is not able to excite some people as much as do these alleged Bible codes. Do believers need secret codes to get them interested in God's Word? Evidentialists and presuppositionalists alike agree that no one is thus argued into the kingdom by means of clever words.
They agree that the Bible is sufficient in and of itself. It seems certain that any unique features if any present in texts when analyzed on this level are subservient to the message of the Scriptures.
It would seem clear that a faith based on secret codes is a faith that begs the question: Hewitt and Peter Lorie, Nostradamus: The End of the Millennium New York: These verses are his advice to those who would go beyond what is written in formulating either theology or praxis. The testimony of Scripture is far more powerful than some secret codes found by supercomputers. God does not need the testimony of any man, let alone a computer. His established pattern of revelation is to sound forth a clear and distinguishable message from Scripture, not a clouded or shrouded mystery.
Not needing the witness of the codes is one issue. Whether or not they exist is quite another. As observed above, Scripture nowhere points to the existence of the codes or suggests a hermeneutic for handling them should they be uncovered.
It may result from clever manipulation of data or from innocent manipulation while looking for predetermined results. Certainly the use of similar methods by those who oppose faith in Christ should keep us from drawing conclusions for an apologetic.
The lack of any absolute authority on the topic coincides well with the spirit of the age. People who care nothing for sound biblical doctrine are getting excited over the Bible, not for its genuine message, but in the statistical probabilities pertaining to a rearrangement of its letters.
Of course, God is sovereign, and may use the attention currently focused on the codes to get people to read the Bible at its face value. It is certain that He must draw men to Himself and that he uses even human failings to accomplish his will cf. It is equally certain that no one will be saved apart from hearing and obeying the Scriptures as they apply to the message of the gospel of Jesus Christ. It may be information we need to prevent the predicted disaster.
It is not a promise of divine salvation. It is not a threat of inevitable doom. It is just information. The message of the Bible code is that we can save ourselves. Rom 1: I fear that those who follow these codes have fallen into a position resembling gnosticism.
Secret teachings, known only by a few, have historically been used to supply a platform upon which men set themselves up as teachers of the secret information from God or the gods. Modern computers abet the process by allowing trials of a myriad of possibilities so that even a well- meaning searcher can inadvertently produce what appear to be rare occurrences when doing multiple tests.
If one reanalyzes data often enough from enough angles, eventually one can make the final analysis show whatever is required. The point is that even well-intentioned people can produce results that are or appear statistically valid if they keep reanalyzing data by changing the methods.
Evangelicals would do well to steer clear of the Bible codes. Too many unresolved questions remain about the hermeneutics and methodology behind these studies. Such a statement, while perhaps realistic from the perspective of the massive details involved, should give pause to any dabblers in the code. The inherent complexities of statistical probabilities and computer operations aside, we have a clear message from God in the plain text of Scripture.
As the apostle Peter wrote: We have the prophetic Word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts.
When it comes to matters of divine judgment and the standards by which we are judged or delivered, if the horn does not sound distinctly, who will prepare himself for the battle cf. Bible Code A theory that encoded messages have been purposely and perhaps divinely placed in the text of the Bible at this point only the OT texts have been considered to be discovered in the present day and to prophetically point to future events.
Some Bible Codes theorists suggest that the codes are proofs of the divine origin of Scripture. Others, like Drosnin, make only the claim that certain future events are predicted, and one cannot be sure of the origin of the codes.
Cabala also Kaballah, caballa, kabala, kaballa, qaballah, etc. The cabala is a collection of esoteric writings of various rabbis and a few medieval Christians which consists of mystical and numerological interpretations of Hebrew scriptures. The authors of the cabala treat every letter, word, number, and accent of Scripture as if it were a secret code which contains some profound but hidden meaning put there by God for some profound and hidden purpose, including prophecy.
The cabala also provides methods of interpretation of the occult marks on paper which the less spiritually gifted take to be mere words to be understood either literally or figuratively. With these delays one might ask whether what we have here is probability or prediction. Certainly this is in stark contrast with the character of God in passages like Isaiah By negative findings I mean the contrary messages that authors such as Drosnin assert: In the monologue the case is established for the Sefirot or the powers emanating from God through which the world is created and its order is sustained.
The doctrine of the Sefirot uses the Pythagorean primordial numbers as the basis for its numerical interpretation of the biblical text. It began in small, elite scholarly circles but became a major popular movement after the expulsion of the Jews from Catholic Spain in The spread of the Cabala was facilitated by the mythical, messianic reinterpretation of it made by Isaac Luria of Safed.
Lurianic Cabala explained to the exiles the cosmic meaning of their suffering and attempted to give them a crucial role in the cosmic drama of redemption. Luria's ideas paved the way for a major messianic upheaval, centered on the figure of Sabbatai Zevi, which affected all Jewry in the 17th century. Cabala still has its adherents among the Hasidic Jews a popular 18th-century Polish revival movement.
Cabalist As employed in this review a cabalist is a student, interpreter, or devotee of the Jewish cabala; one skilled in esoteric doctrine or mysterious art.
Code Technically, a code is a system of symbols, letters, or words given certain arbitrary meanings, used for sending messages requiring secrecy or brevity. The words are coded with the intent of hiding the meaning from all but those with special knowledge. Gematria Gematria is the theological interpretation of a word according to the numerical value of its letters. The original texts are a specified version of Genesis, an equal- length initial segment of a Hebrew translation of Tolstoy's War and Peace used as a control, and various randomized versions of these texts used as bases for the statistical analysis.
I don't know to what extent old Hebrew numbering was used in the Tolstoy translation. The Kabbalah Today New York: Clark, and Kabalah New York: New American Library, for an introduction to symbolism, mysticism, law, and philosophy of the Cabala and its interpretation. Also refer to Moshe Idel, Kabbalah: New Perspectives New Haven: Yale UP, for a discussion of the two major trends in Cabala: New College Dictionary Boston: Houghton Mifflin, , s.
The method is to either apocopate words or write only one letter of a word. Thus each letter is made to stand for the complete word. As an exegetical device, a single word from the Bible is interpreted as a phrase or a sentence instead. The term derives from a system of shorthand utilized in Roman courts.
Numerology Numerology is, in a general sense, the study of numbers. With reference to biblical studies, exegetes use the term numerology to refer to the investigation of the nature and purpose of the numbers found in the Bible. Any halakhah, halakhic midrash, or aggadic tradition not included in the Mishnah is baraita. Blackwell, , 41, Zohar A mystical, cabalist commentary on the Chumash Pentateuch. The Zohar depicts the Godhead as a dynamic flow of force composed of numerous aspects.
Above and beyond all human contemplation is God as he is in himself, the unknowable, immutable En Sof Infinite. Other aspects or attributes, knowable through God's relation to the created world, emanate from En Sof in a configuration of ten sefirot realms or planes , through which the divine power further radiates to create the cosmos.
Zoharic theosophy concentrates on the nature and interaction of the ten sefirot as symbols of the inner life and processes of the Godhead. Because the sefirot are also archetypes for everything in the world of creation, an understanding of their workings can illuminate the inner workings of the cosmos and of history. The Zohar thereby provides a cosmic-symbolic interpretation of Judaism and of the history of Israel in which the Torah and commandments, as well as Israel's life in exile, become symbols for events and processes in the inner life of God.
Thus interpreted, the proper observance of the commandments assumes a cosmic significance. E to C. New York: Simon-Macmillan, , s. A Preliminary Investigation of the Cabala.
Hammersmith, London: Bullinger, E. Number in Scripture. Reprint, Grand Rapids: Kregel, Cohn-Sherbok, Dan. The Blackwell Dictionary of Judaica. Blackwell, Davis, John J.
Biblical Numerology: Grand Rapids: Drosnin, Michael. The Bible Code. Encyclopedia Judaica. Gaffin, Richard. Perspectives on Pentecost.
Phillipsburg, NJ: Gardner, Martin. Giese, Ronald L. Hammond, George C. Hendel, Ronald S. Hewitt, V. The End of the Millennium. Product details Paperback: English ISBN Tell the Publisher!
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Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Hardcover Verified Purchase. You have to read them in order: Sent them to a friend. Paperback Verified Purchase. I expected much more from the book and was disappointed in that it was older than I expected so the 'prophecies' were of little impact; and the number codes I had expected to be diagrams in English for me to follow, but were all in hebrew which were of no value to the average reader such as myself.
The codes shown in this book show sections of Hebrew or Greek letters.
I'm not familiar with these and so I couldn't back up any of the claims with scripture. I did read a section claiming something about it saying atomic bomb, however I had a difficult time locating an exact translation and tend to believe those words didn't even exist in Hebrew at that time. I could be incorrect, but although I was hopeful for some insight I couldn't even stand to read most of it.
Lots of interesting facts about how to manipulate the Hebrew text, backwards and forward. I think you could get very compulsive about searching the text, hoping for what you are looking for. The best thing is to get saved and look forward to the return of Jesus. The book was delivered in time and in great condition. First off, I will begin by saying that Michael Drosnin gives the reader the flavor of working through a thriller.
Written in , the book outlines what Drosnin believes is a hidden code in the Bible that warns modern readers who can utilize computer technology about such items as the assasination of Rabin, the coming of WWII, Hitler, the atomic bomb and more. Drosnin provides statistical "proof" for the approach, and demonstrates how the code may have predicted many of the things which have come to pass. He also shows that these probabilities, as shown in the Bible, don't hold up as well in other texts, like War and Peace or Shakespeare.
For this skeptical reader, I would only note that the Bible Code as put forth by Drosnin uses Hebrew without masoretes. Hebrew is a "vowelless" base language. It provides for much more "flexibility" in interpreting the code than most langauge systems would. And since the code can be read forwards, backwards, horizontally, vertically or with "skips" and sometimes all of these , WITHOUT vowels, it isn't quite as challenging to find in the , words of the Hebrew Tanakh associations that may lead to the interpretations as Drosnin presents them.
It is a semi-interesting enough read, if only as a somewhat thrilling adventure novel, and the theory is somewhat interesting as well - if far fetched to this skeptic. Not as good as "The Bible Code Bombshell". One person found this helpful. Great book and one which opens up your mind to some interesting facts and figures which are contained in the bible.
The religions which track the bible as their gospel will find that this is a must to have on your book shelf when you are quizzing some of the passages and how they interrelate. See all reviews. Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers. Learn more about Amazon Giveaway. This item: The Bible Code.
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