Spoken English. Learned Quickly. A downloadable self-study English course used by professionals and university students. Complete lessons for both beginner. PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we have 78,, eBooks for for the Spoken English Learned Quickly course may LESSON X. pdf. SPOKEN ENGLISH A Self-Learning Guide to Conversation Practice The present book, however, deals with spoken English in both its aspects: words.
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Spoken English Malayalam is very helpful app for learning to speak English with Malayalam. This app contains lessons that will give you special attention to. The app focuses native Malayalam speakers who like to speak English for expressing their ideas. Malayalam Spoken English app comes with wide variety of. and elisions which occur in rapid spoken meteolille.info was apparent .. The basic structure in English is subjectverbobject, in. Malayalam.
Note carefully the pronunciations of the'following words. Now write down the pronunciations of the remaining three words in Section 2 in phonetic symbols, and say them aloud. Listen once again to the dialogue and note the pronunciations of these words: Words like the above ones are called 'form' words. Note the pronunciations of the following contracted forms and practise saying them correctly. Full form Contracted form Pronunciation will not won't waunt would not wouldn't 'wudnt could not couldn't 'kudnt V.
The chemist knew it would take him quite some time to make up the prescription for the customer. So he said: The chemist was suggesting to the customer that he could come back later. He was making the suggestion politely.
Throughout the dialogue, the chemist makes polite suggestions to the customer. Here are some of them: If I were you, I'd ring up the doctor. The customer also makes several suggestions. But they are not as polite as the chemist's: What about giving me another drug.
There are a number of ways people use to make suggestions. Let us study some of them: What about starting now? You must have noticed that the various ways of making suggestions are listed more or less in order of their degree of politeness, a is the least polite; it is really an order!
The following suggestions are not at all polite. They are rather rude.
Turn them into polite suggestions. Use the clues given in brackets. See a doctor. Look at our new TV. You could. Sell the house. Stop arguing. Cancel the order. I was wondering. Listen to the chemist: It is clear that the customer wishes to do something now. The chemist also wants to be sure of something now.
The tense normally used to describe the actions happening now is the present continuous tense. So, the chemist should say: As you are wishing. X I am wanting to make sure. X But the two sentences above are wrong. Do you know why? Could you turn back to Section VI. In that section, we said that some verbs are not normally used in the present continuous tense, even when they describe actions that are taking place now.
Look at the list of such verbs. Do you find wish and want in that list? Study the list of verbs in VI. Say whether this sentence is correct? I am knowing his phone number. The sentence is wrong. The verb know is not normally used in the present continuous tense. We cannot say: I am knowing. X We have to say: I know. V The verbs in all the sentences below are in the wrong tense. Rewrite them correctly. As you know, we can use most of the English verbs in the present continuous tense, when they describe actions happening at the time of speaking.
Only some verbs such as those listed in VI. So, you have to be careful. Study the sentences below: I am watching this interesting football match. I am looking through a pair of binoculars that belongs to my cousin.
He is sitting near me, but he doesn't seem interested in the match. The verbs watch, look, and sit are used in the present continuous tense, but the verbs belong and seem are not. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences. Use the right tense of the verbs given in brackets.
I read an awful book now. It belongs to my uncle, who love reading crime thrillers. This book contain seven short stories, all of them describing the murders of little boys. I not understand how an old man like my uncle can enjoy such rubbish!
What time is the Andhra Pradesh Express expected? The scheduled time of its arrival is 4 o'clock. But it's already fifteen minutes past four and there's yet no sign of its arrival. I'm afraid it's running late by over an hour, and we've already announced it's running late.
I haven't heard any such announcement. I've been at the station for over ten minutes. Perhaps, it was made before you came. Let me check. It was made at 3. Do you make only oral announcements? No, we also write them on the noticeboard just in front of the ASM's 1 office. Don't you think these announcements should be a little more frequent? Well, I can't answer that question. For that you can speak to the ASM, if you like. Very well. When exactly will the train arrive?
This is the position at the moment. But, it may cover some time, or it may be delayed further. We'll make another announcement as soon as we receive a message. Have you thought of that? I'm sorry, but I can't help it. Bear with me for some more time, please, and make yourself comfortable in the waiting room. Assistant Station Master 2 Bother is an expression that shows irritation or slight anger.
Thank you. On the public-address system: Your attention, please. The Andhra Pradesh Express is running four hours late. The sound in well is said with partially rounded lips see Unit 6 , and the sound in very is said with the lower lip raised close to the upper teeth. You must have noted that the sound in 'very' is the same as the consonant sound spelt with the letter v in these words: Listen to the dialogue again and practise the sounds.
Note the pronunciations, written in phonetic symbols, of these words: Write down the pronunciations of the remaining three words in Section 2 above in phonetic symbols, and say them aloud. Listen again to the dialogue and note the pronunciations of these words: The pronunciations given against them are their 'weak' or shortened pronunciations.
Their 'strong' or full pronunciations are very uncommon. You must have noted that the has two pronunciations: Listen once again Lo the dialogue. List all the contracted fonns used in it, and practise saying them correctly. In the dialogue, 'At the Railway Station', Mohan asks the enquiry clerk a number of questions. Why is Mohan asking the poor man so many questions?
Mohan wants to find out details of the train's arrival, etc. He is asking the clerk for information. The most common means to ask for information is questions. There are several types of questions in English. Two of the common types are: Let us study the first type in some detail, in this unit.
We will look at the second type in Unit 10, Section VI. Questions beginning with Wh-: These kind of questions seek information about 1 place Where do you live? In Bhopal. About 10 in the morning. By bus. My sister. The old man. What did you see? A big snake. The blue one. Because I missed the bus. About a kilometre. About six hours. About 30 kilos. Once a week. What questions will you ask to get the following items of information?
Use the clues given in brackets to frame your questions. At the railway station, the enquiry clerk says: A We'll make another announcement. Mohan asks: B When exactly will the train arrive? He complains: C This will mean a lot of inconvenience to people.
In sentences A , B and C above, the clerk and Mohan are talking about something in the future. The future, as you know, is the time that has not yet come, the time after now. They use the helping verb will to talk about the future.
The other helping verb used for talking about the future is shall. There are several ways people use to talk about the future. In this Unit, we will discuss the use of will and shell.
Shall is used normally with the first person, that is, 'I' and 'we': I shall be thirty on my next birthday. We shall start early tomorrow morning. I will write to you next week. You will have a lot of work tomorrow. The Prime Minister will tour the state next month. But in conversation, both will and shall are used in the contracted form: So, the difference between will and shall is not very important.
The negative of will is formed by adding 'not' directly. But we will not won't start until 7 in the evening. Shall I tell you a secret? Shall we start?
Will you come back soon? Will your mother get angry? Answer the following questions. Use short answers whenever possible. What's the idea? I've been waiting for half an hour now. Do you want me to wait for ever? I'm sorry, sir. I'll give you your tea in a few minutes. But I can't wait any more. I haven't served tea to anybody who's come after you. Everybody here waits for his turn.
If I served you out of turn, the other customers who came before you would complain. All right, I'll wait for my turn, but you should work a little faster.
Here's your tea, sir. Would you like some biscuits or some namkin 1 to go with it? Yes, I think I need some biscuits, some good biscuits, if you have any. I have Eatwell Glucose and Sultana Bikis. Which would you like? Well, give me two or three Sultanas. God, how dirty this plate is! Look here. Its edges are broken, and it's covered with grease and ash and grime.
Take this plate away. I don't need any of your biscuits. May I bring you another cup of tea, sir? Do you think I can survive this cup to order another?
What's the matter with this tea, sir? What's the matter? It's bad. It's overboiled and bitter. I wonder if you've mixed any sugar at all.
I've never taken worse tea in my life. Nobody's ever told me anything about my plates and tea. You're the first person to make a complaint and I promise to be careful in future, sir. I hope you'll keep your promise. How much do I pay for the tea?
Nothing, sir. Thanks a lot for your comments. You can pay me next time. Or is he a little angry? One is the delay. What are the other two? The pronunciations are given in phonetic symbols. Write down in phonetic symbols the pronunciations of the remaining five words in Scction 2, and say them aloud.
Note the weak pronunciations of these form words: The customer at the tea-stall seems to dislike most of the things happening there. He says: The customer is complaining about the slow service, the dirty plate, and the bad tea.
All of us need to complain about something or other, now and then. We can make such complaints rather rudely, like the customer at the tea-stall. Or, we can complain in a polite way. Let us look at some polite ways of introducing complaints: I'm sorry to bring this up, but. I'm sorry to have to say this, but. I have to make a complaint about the watch you sold me last week.
You must have noticed that a above is very informal, while d is very formal. In fact, d is normally used in formal written complaints. How will you make polite complaints in the following situations? Your neighbour's children play music very loudly till midnight. Complain to your neighbour, b You bought a mixer-grinder.
It broke down three times in six months. The local dealer refuses to repair it. Complain to the manufacturer in writing.
Write only one sentence. The smoke makes you feel sick. Complain to the conductor. Complain in writing to the municipal commissioner, e Suppose you were the customer in the tea stall.
Make the complaints he made, but make them more politely! Listen to the customer at the tea stall. He is saying: A Its edges are broken. B I wonder if you've mixed any sugar at all. C I've never taken worse tea in my life. The owner of the tea stall uses the following sentences. D I haven't served tea to anybody. E Nobody's ever told me anything about my plates and tea. Study the verbs in sentences A to E above. These forms of the verbs are called the Past Participle forms.
The past participle forms of verbs have several important uses. So, let us study how they are formed. Most of the verbs form their past participle by adding -ed. But some verbs form their past participle forms in other ways.
Look at these examples: Here are some of the most common ones. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the correct past participle form of the verbs given in brackets. Good morning.
Please sit down. Please tell us your name. I'm Vinod Chattopadhyaya. Your name gives the impression that you're a very learned man. I wish I were. If only names could be an index of the mind of the people who bear them.
What about your name? Do you think it indicates your personality? I can't answer that question, but I'm sure I can't make any claim to any great learning or knowledge that my name.
Well, don't worry about your name. Please tell E interrupting him: History, economics and political science. I wonder why most of you offer these subjects. That's because most colleges teach only these subjects. They have no facilities to teach certain subjects which most of us would like to study. Can you name some of these subjects? Yes, sociology, for example. Or education, psychology.
Or still more useful and career-oriented subjects like business management, social work, journalism, international under- standing, oceanography. But do you think you can mention social work and oceanography together, in the same breath?
Oh, I just named them as they came to me, at random.
I wasn't in any way attempting a classified list. Can you tell me why you're interested in an administrative career?
Most candidates for jobs try their luck at everything and plump for whatever job they can lay their hands on. They don't care whether they are fit for a certain career or not. Well, I don't know much about others. I'm taking this interview because I'd, any day, prefer an administrative position to any other.
Well, I think I'm good at getting things done rather than doing them myself. That's a good answer! Do you like his answers? Practise the sound with the help of the following words. Listen again to the conversation. Note carefully the pronuncia- tions of the following words. Note the pronunciations of the following words. They are given in phonetic symbols. Write down in phonetic symbols the pronunciations of the remaining four words in Section 2, and say them aloud.
Practise the weak pronunciations of the following form words as written in phonetic symbols against them. The interviewers asked Vinod a large number of questions. They had to, because they were seeking information about the candidate. We looked at some of them in Unit 8. Let us study a few more of them now. The following are some of the questions the interviewers asked Vinod. Do you think you can mention social work and oceanography together. Compare these two pairs of sentences: A What subjects did you study for your B.
B Please tell me what subjects you studied for your B. A Does it indicate your personality? B Do you think it indicates your personality? Questions marked A in the pairs above and sentences marked B both ask for the same items of information. But question A is rather abrupt; it might even sound a little rude. Question B is most polite; it is more tactful. In polite conversation, people use expressions like Please tell me or Do you think. Let's look at some such expressions: As you will have noticed, these expressions have been arranged in order of increasing politeness—expression 1 is polite, 2 is more polite, and 4 the most polite.
Ask polite questions to seek information in the following situations. Ask the clerk at the counter. Ask him how much a machine would cost, d Ask your friend why she has not returned the book she borrowed from you. He had promised to build a bridge across the river to link your village to the nearest town. Ask him why the work has not started yet. Interviewer C asks Vinod: This question has two parts: A Why are you interested. B Can you tell me?
The real question is A. But it is made more polite by adding B before it. It is called an 'indirect question'. Study three more examples from Vinod's interview: Do you think? Do you think your name indicates your personality? Please tell me. Please tell me what subjects you studied. Do you think you can mention. Compare these two questions: A Why are you late? Direct question B Can you tell me why you are late? Indirect question Study the word-order of A. It is the usual word-order of questions, that is: Direct question verb subject See Section VI of Units 1 and 3 Now, look at the word-order of B ; you are Indirect question subject verb The indirect question has the word-order of a statement.
Compare the word-order of these questions: C When does the train leave? Direct question D Do you know when the train leaves? Indirect question You will have noticed that the indirect question does not use the auxiliary does. It is like a statement. Turn the following into indirect questions. How does this machine work? Can you explain? Can you explain how this machine works? Can you explain. Can you tell me whether t. Free, offline and bilingual English Malayalam Dictionary for your Android.
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